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TermBase eXchange
Abbreviation: TBX
Scope: Standard for open interchange of terminological data
Topic: File Formats, Markup Language, Terminology
Standard body: ISO
Keywords: Terminology, databases, information exchange, data transfer, terminology management
Use in CLARIN: fully recommended

"The TBX framework defined by ISO 30042:2008 is designed to support various types of processes involving terminological data, including analysis, descriptive representation, dissemination, and interchange (exchange), in various computer environments. The primary purpose of TBX is for an interchange of terminological data. It is limited in its ability to represent presentational markup. Intended application areas include translation and authoring.

TBX is modular in order to support a wide range of types of terminological data, or data-categories, that are included in different terminological databases (termbases). TBX includes two modules: a core structure, and a formalism for identifying a set of data-categories and their constraints, both expressed in XML. The term TBX, when used alone, refers to the framework consisting of these two interacting modules.

To maximize interoperability of the actual terminological data, TBX also provides a default set of data-categories that are commonly used in terminological databases. However, subsets or supersets of the default set of data-categories can be used within the TBX framework to support specific user requirements." (Abstract, ISO 30042:2008)

Other standards in the same topic(s):

Version Title: Systems to manage terminology, knowledge and content — TermBase eXchange
Abbreviation: TBX-2012 [not official, only for reference in this website]
Version Number: ISO 30042:2008
Status: International Standard
Release Date: 2012-06-28
  1. ISO/TC 37/SC 3
Related Standard(s):
  • DCR-2009

    The data categories are taken from ISO 12620

  • TBX-2008

    ISO 30042:2008 is an adopted ISO version of the TBX Specification.

  • TMF-2009

    The TMF (ISO 16642) defines the structural metamodel for TBX.

  • XML

    A TBX file is an XML document.

Version Title: TBX Specification
Abbreviation: TBX-2008 [not official, only for reference in this website]
Release Date: 2008-10-29
  1. LISA

Originally the standard was developed within the Container/Content Allowing Reuse (OSCAR) committee at the Localization Standards Association (LISA).

The last version of TBX was developed by LISA and submitted to the ISO in 2007. The ISO/TC 37/SC 3 adopted the TBX Specification and in 2008 it was published as a full International Standard (ISO 30042:2008). The technical content of both documents remained unchanged.

The LISA version of the TBX is freely available at the GALA Web site.

Related Standard(s):