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General Ontology for Linguistic Description
Abbreviation: GOLD
Scope: Ontology for descriptive linguistics
Topic: Ontology, Terminology
Standard body: GOLD Community
Keywords: linguistic ontology, linguistic annotation, language description, conceptual interoperability, grammatical categories

General Ontology for Linguistic Description, shortly GOLD, was developed within the E-Meld Project whose goals are to develop recommendations of best practices in building metadata, markup, language identification and linguistic ontology.

GOLD is an ontology designed specifically for descriptive linguistics. It defines linguistic domain-specific terms using OWL and provides a formalized list of the most basic and general linguistic categories and their relations, thus is applicable for all (human) languages.

GOLD provides not only definitions to formalize reference categories, but also a semantic framework for the representation of all kinds of linguistic knowledge. Moreover, it defines how the knowledge can be linked to the reference categories.

Related Standard(s):
Other standards in the same topic(s):
Recommended Reading:
  • S. Farrar and T. Langendoen, "A Linguistic Ontology for the Semantic Web," GLOT International, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 97-100, 2003.
  • S. Farrar and D. Langendoen, "An OWL-DL Implementation of GOLD: An ontology for the Semantic Web," in Linguistic modeling of information and Markup Languages. Contributions to language technology. Dordrecht: Springer, 2007, pp. 45-66.

Abbreviation: GOLD-2010
Status: Standard
Release Date: 2010
  1. Institute for Language Information and Technology